KBI – ke sebelumnya KBI memberikan materi circa tenses, pastinya sekarang milik mereka dapat making kalimat sederhana di dalam bahasa Inggris. Nah, kali ini KBI akan memberikan materi tentang passive voice. Batin bahasa Inggris terdapat 2 macam kalimat yaitu active voice (kalimat aktif) dan passive voice (kalimat pasif). Masih binggung circa apasih passive voice itu? buat itu mari kita using contohnya under ini:


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Active voice dan passive voice akibat memiliki sederajat arti di atas kalimatnya. Thing (an apple) pada kalimat aktif voice were subject di sentence passive suara dengan penambahan “by” di atas objectnya. Singkatnya, active suara menyatakan subject apa aktif melakukan pekerjaan, dan di atas passive suara subject apa dikenakan pekerjaan.

Anda sedang menonton: Materi passive voice kelas xi


“Passive suara is a form of sentence or clause in which the topic receives the kerja of the verb.”


Passive voice adalah types kalimat atau klausa koknya subjek resepsi tindakan dari kata kerja. Diatas passive voice, subject kalimat tidak does suatu tindakan/aksi melainkan subject resepsi tindakan. Variasi dengan sentence aktif, dimana subyek bertindak sebagai pelaku tindakan. Active voice dapat diubah bentuk dulu passive voice namun just berlaku di atas kalimat mencapai transitive verbs. Transitive verbs adalah kata kerja apa diikuti direct object.

Fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut :


1. Subjek/pokok pembicaraan.

The murderer has actually been arrested.(Pembunuh itu cantik ditahan)The house was developed in 1654.(Rumah akun itu dibangun lima 1654)The road is being repaired.(Jalan menemani itu sedang diperbaiki)

Penjelasan


Ketiga kalimat di ~ ingin unjuk atau menekankan Subjek/pokok pembicaraan, yaitu “the murderer”, “the house”, dan “the road”, bukan pada siapa yang melakukan ketiga aktivitasnya tersebut.

2. Pelakunya Kegiatan.


Jika untuk kita ingin making kalimat, dalam bahasa apapun itu, kita knows siapa yang does pekerjaan itu, sebaiknya gunakanlah “Kalimat Aktif“. Sebaliknya jika Anda noël tahu atau ragu-ragu siapa yang melakukan suatu perbuatan, maka gunakanlah “kalimat Pasif“.


Contoh:

When i came, the door to be opened.(Ketika saya tiba, pintunya terbuka)Nodony untuk mengetahui why he was killed.(Tak seorangpun tahu mengapa dia terbunuh)You know, mine wife has actually no any type of enemies however my mam was murdered so cruelly.(Kamu tahu, istri saya noel pernah musuh tetapi itu dibunuh secara kejam)

3. Pelaku yang sudah dikenal

Bagian ketiga ini adalah kebalikan dari bagian kedua diatas. Jika kita siap yakin bahwa orang yang kita ajak bicara siap mengetahui siapa apa melakukannya, maka dari mereka boleh manfaat kalimat pasif.


Tujuan dari pembuatan kalimat pasif ini adalah buat penghematan kalimat.

Contoh:

Indonesian independence was proclaimed on respectable 17, 1945.(Kemerdekaan Indonesia diproklamasikan diatas tanggal 17 Agustus 1945)“Indonesia Raya” was written in 1945.(Lagu Indonesia Raya dikarang pada lima 1945).

Penjelasan

Tanpa kita sebutin siapa yang memproklamasikan, Pendengar atau orang yang kita ajak surat kecil mengerti siapa dia.Semua people sudah untuk mengetahui siapa apa mengarang songs Indonesia Raya.

Kesimpulan:

Jadi, selain ketiga alasannya di atas, sebaiknya kita gunakan kalimat Aktif. Harapan bermanfaat.

Dibawah ini adalah Rumus-rumus bagaimana cara untuk membuat kalimat pasif dalam semua tenses batin Bahasa Inggris.

Simple present Tense : S + is, am, room + V3 + dllPresent Cont. It s too dirty : S + is, am, space + gift + V3 + dllPresent Perf. It is too dirty : S + have, has actually + been + V3 + dllPresent Perf. Cont. It s too dirty : S + have, has + been + being + V3 + dllSimple past Tense : S + was, dulu + V3 + dllPast Cont. It is too dirty : S + was, menjadi + being + V3 + dllPast Perf. Tense : S + had actually + been + V3 + dllPast Perf. Cont. Tense : S + had + been + gift + V3 + dllSimple future Tense : S + will + be + V3 + dllFuture Cont. Tense : S + will certainly + it is in + being + V3 + dllFuture Perf. Tense : S + will + have + been + V3 + dllFuture Perf. Cont. It s too dirty : S + will certainly + have + to be + gift + V3 + dllSimple Past masa depan Tense : S + would certainly + it is in + V3 + dllPast masa depan Cont. It s too dirty : S + would certainly + it is in + being + V3 + dllPast future Perf. Tense : S + would + have actually + been + V3 + dllPast masa depan Perf. Cont. It s too dirty : S + would certainly +have + to be + being + V3 + dll

KETERANGAN:

Subject kalimat Pasif disini adalah Objek di ~ Kalimat Aktif.Semua kalimat Pasif harus menggunakan Kata action bentuk ketiga (V3)Setelah V3 dapat juga Anda tambahkan menjangkau by + Subject diatas kalimat aktif.

Rumus Passive Voice

Rumus passive voice adalah seperti berikut:

S + it is in + past participle + (by agent)

ket:S : Subjectbe : auxiliary verb (am, is, are, was, were, has actually been, have been, will certainly be, dll)past participle: ataukah bisa panggilan verb 3 (kata merencanakan bentuk setelah 3)(by agent) : pembunuh itu dari tindakan

Contoh:

Active voice: I check out a book.Passive voice: A publication is read through me.Active voice: He drive a car terakhir night.Passive voice: A car was driven by him terakhir night.

Contoh Bentuk kalimat Passive Voice

1) Passive imperative Sentence

Rumus:

Let + objek + be + Kata kerja Bentuk III

Help the bad (active)Let the bad be aided (passive)

2) Passive Infinitive: it is/was time

Rumus:

It is/was time for + objek + to it is in + kata merencanakan III

It is time to send the letter (active)It is time for the letter to be sent (passive)

3) an adverse Passive command Sentence

Rumus:

Subjek + be + Kata action III + no to + infinitive

(kata merencanakan III yang sering tangan kedua adalah: advised, asked, begged, commanded, requested)

Don’t wait because that me (active)You are advised not to wait for me (passive)

4) Passive kalimat with verb of Perception

Rumus

Subjek + it is in + adjective + when + subyek + be + kata kerja III

(kata kerja yang used adalah: taste, smell, feel)

This food tastes very delicious (active)This food is delicious once it is taste (passive)

5) Passive sentence with details Verbs adhered to by ‘that-clause’

Kata pergerakan yang digunakan adalah: accept, admit, agree, assume, believe, decide, expect, discover out, intend, plan, suggest out, presume, prove, regret, report, say, think, understand.

We regretted that the principal had actually to resign from office (active)It was regretted that the principal had actually to resign native office (passive)

6) Passive kalimat with noun or Adjectives as Complements

I think about her an extremely pretty (active)She is considered really pretty (passive)

7) Passive kalimat with 2 objects

He gave me a book (active)A publication was provided to me by him (passive 1)I was given a publication by that (passive 2)

8) Passive kalimat with Gerund Verbs

The teacher enjoyed teaching the students (active)The students appreciated being teach by the teacher (passive)

9) certified dealer consisting lengthy expression in ~ the end of sentence

Dalam kalimat pasif, jika pembunuh itu terdiri dari ekspresi yang panjang, sebaiknya subjek tersebut laid di di atas kalimat setelah by.

We menjadi all surprised by she sudden notice to acquire marriedI was puzzled by his plan to avoid the recurring project and begin a brand-new one.

10) Passive kalimat with unique verbs

Kata merencanakan yang digunakan adalah: require, deserve, need

This dinding needs to it is in painted (sama dengan)This wall needs painting.

Kalimat pasif batin bahasa Inggris terdiri dari dua elemen yaitu : bentuk kata action ‘to be’ + the previous participle

Subjectverb ‘to be’past participle
The housewasbuilt …

Contoh : come clean

Subjectverb ‘to be’past participle
Simple present:
The houseiscleaned every day.
Present continuous:
The houseis beingcleaned in ~ the moment.
Simple past:
The housewascleaned yesterday.
Past continuous:
The housewas beingcleaned last week.
Present perfect:
The househas beencleaned sejak you left.
Past perfect:
The househad beencleaned before anda arrival.
Future:
The housewill becleaned lanjut week.
Future continuous:
The housewill it is in beingcleaned tomorrow.
Present conditional:
The housewould becleaned if they had actually visitors.
Past conditional:
The housewould have beencleaned if it had actually been dirty.

Contoh Passive Voice

Penggunaan passive suara pada pemfitnahan tenses menjadi berbeda tetapi tetap luaran rumus yang sama. Berikut ini contoh passive voice dalam tenses:

Active VoicePassive Voice
Simple PresentHe writes one article.She feeds the dog.An write-up is writen by him.The dog is fed by her.
Simple PastHe wrote one article.She fed the dog.An write-up was writen by him.The dog was fed by her.
Simple FutureHe will write one article.She will feed the dog.An post will it is in writen through him.The dog will be fed through her.
Present Perfect He has writen an article.She has fed the dog.An article has been writen by him.The dog has to be fed by her.

Contoh soal olah passive voice

klik disini.

Lihat lainnya: Kisi Kisi Dan Soal Uts Pkn Kelas 3 Sd Semester 2 (Genap), Soal Uts Kelas 3 Sd Semester 1 2019

Demikian pembahahan lengkapnya harapan bermanfaat dan dapat menambah wawasan Anda sekitar bahasa Inggris. Terima kasih.