Medically the evaluation by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph.D., R.N., CRNA — written by Annette McDermott — to update on September 17, 2018

Overview

Cholesterol typically gets a bum rap, yet it’s essential for your tubuh to role properly. Your tubuh uses cholesterol to do hormones and vitamin D, and support digestion. Her liver generates enough cholesterol to handle these tasks, yet your tubuh manusia doesn’t just get cholesterol from your liver. Cholesterol is juga in foods sebagai as meat, dairy, and poultry. If girlfriend eat a many these foods, your cholesterol levels may ini adalah too high.

Anda sedang menonton: Apa itu ldl dan hdl


There are two main types of cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Lipoproteins room made that fat and proteins. Cholesterol moves with your body while within lipoproteins.

HDL is well-known as “good cholesterol” since it transports cholesterol to her liver to be expelled from her body. HDL help rid your tubuh of overfill cholesterol therefore it’s less likely to finish up in her arteries.

LDL is dubbed “bad cholesterol” since it bawa pulang cholesterol to her arteries, whereby it might collect in artery walls. Too much cholesterol in her arteries may lead to a buildup the plaque well-known as atherosclerosis. This can increase the risk of blood clots in your arteries. If a blood clot division away and also blocks an artery in your heart or brain, you may have a stroke or love attack.

Plaque buildup may juga reduce blood flow and oxygen to utama organs. Oxygen deprivation to your organs or arteries may cause kidney condition or peripheral arterial disease, in enhancement to a heart assault or stroke.


According come the Centers for condition Control, over 31 percent the Americans have high LDL cholesterol. You may not even know it since high cholesterol doesn’t cause noticeable symptoms.

The only way to find out if her cholesterol is high is with a blood check that steps cholesterol in milligrams every deciliter of blood (mg/dL). When you acquire your cholesterol numbers checked, you’ll receive results for:

Total blood cholesterol: This has your HDL, LDL, and 20 percent that your berbisa triglycerides.Triglycerides: This mageri should be listed below 150 mg/dL. Triglycerides are a common type of fat. If your triglycerides space high and your LDL is also high or her HDL is low, you at threat of arising atherosclerosis.HDL: The greater this number, the better. It should be at least higher than 55 mg/dL for females and 45 mg/dL for males.LDL: The lower this number, the better. It have to be no an ext than 130 mg/dL if girlfriend don’t have heart disease, blood ship disease, or diabetes. It have to be no much more than 100 mg/dL if friend have any type of of itu conditions or high bruto cholesterol.

Lifestyle components that may cause high cholesterol are:

a diet high in red meat, full-fat dairy products products, saturated fats, infectious diseases world fashion fats, and processed foodsa ukurannya besar waist one (over 40 inch for males or end 35 inches because that women)lack of regular exercise

According come a 2013 review, smokers commonly have lower HDL cholesterol than nonsmokers. Research reflects quitting smoking deserve to increase HDL. If you smoke, talk to your doctor around smoking cessation program or other techniques you deserve to use to quit smoking.

It’s unsure if stress directly causes high cholesterol. Unmanaged stress may lead to actions that can increase LDL and kasar cholesterol kemudian as overeating fatty foods, inactivity, and also increased smoking.

In part cases, high LDL is inherited. This condition is called familic hypercholesterolemia (FH). FH is brought about by a hereditary mutation that affects the capability of a person’s liver to eliminate extra LDL cholesterol. This may lead to high LDL levels and an boosted risk of love attack and also stroke at a young age.


To treat high cholesterol, doctors frequently recommend these way of living changes:

stopping smokingeating a healthy dietexercising regularlyreducing stress

Sometimes lifestyle transforms aren’t enough, particularly if you have FH. You might need one or an ext medications seperti as:

bile-acid-binding medications to help your tubuh use extra cholesterol to produce bilecholesterol absorption inhibitors to avoid your kecil intestines from absorbing cholesterol and releasing it into your bloodstreaminjectable medicines that reason your liver to menyerap more LDL cholesterol

Medications and supplements to reduce triglyceride levels may also be used sebagai as niacin (Niacor), omega-3 fatty acids, and also fibrates.

Learn more: 7 cholesterol-lowering medicine »


The American heart Association recommends eating these foodstuffs to membantu reduce bruto cholesterol and also increase HDL:

a variety of fruits and vegetableswhole grainsskinless poultry, lean pork, and also lean red meatbaked or grilled fat fish seperti as salmon, tuna, or sardinesunsalted seeds, nuts, and legumesvegetable or olive oils

These foodstuffs may increase LDL cholesterol and also should be avoided or hardly ever eaten:

untrimmed red meatfried foodsbaked goods made through trans fats or saturated fatsfull-fat dairy product productsfoods with hydrogenated oilstropical oils

High cholesterol deserve to be concerning. However in most cases that a warning signal. Being diagnosed with high cholesterol doesn’t mean you’ll construct heart disease or have actually a stroke, however it have to still it is in taken seriously.

If you have actually high cholesterol and act to reduce it, your risk of heart condition and punch will paling likely decrease. Way of living steps that membantu reduce cholesterol tambahan support your overall health.


You’re tidak pernah too young to mulai thinking about preventing high cholesterol. Eating a healthy and balanced diet is crucial first step. Di sini are some changes you have the right to make today:

Swap traditional semacam spageti with totality wheat pasta, and white rice through brown rice.Dress salads with olive oil and also a splash the lemon juice rather of high-fat salad dressings.Eat much more fish. Aim because that at the very least two servings of fish a week.Swap soda or fruit juice v seltzer water or level water flavored with fresh fruit slices.Bake meat and also poultry instead of frying meats.Use low-fat Greek yogurt rather of cake cream. Greek yogurt has a comparable tart flavor.Opt for whole-grain cereals instead of sugar-laden varieties. Try topping them v cinnamon rather of sugar.

Learn more: The helpful 12-step guide to breaking up through sugar »

Exercise may juga have a positive kerusakan on your cholesterol levels. If she sedentary paling of the day, relocate more. If you job-related at a desk, collection an alert on your cellphone or computer, or gain a fitness tracker to repeat you to get up and also move for lima minutes every hour. Try to fit in at the very least 30 minutes of practice daily. Walking, swimming, or speak a cycle are great options.

If she a smoker, speak to her doctor about how come stop. Smoking rises your hazard of not only high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and also heart disease, but tambahan many tipe of cancer.

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If girlfriend don’t recognize your cholesterol numbers, ask your doctor around getting tested, especially if you have a family background of high cholesterol or love disease. The previously you recognize your cholesterol numbers, the sooner friend can take steps to manage them.


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Medically the evaluation by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph.D., R.N., CRNA — tertulis by Annette McDermott — to update on September 17, 2018